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A Comprehensive Guide to Sponsoring Parents and Grandparents in Canada

Sponsoring one’s own parents and grandparents in Canada is a desire for many Canadians and permanent residents, but understanding the eligibility criteria and responsibilities involved is essential before proceeding with their sponsoring application. This guide provides an in-depth overview of the eligibility requirements and sponsorship responsibilities for individuals considering sponsoring their parents and grandparents.


Eligibility Criteria:


To sponsor parents and grandparents in Canada, individuals must meet specific eligibility criteria, including:

  1. Invitation: Prospective sponsors must be invited to apply.
  2. Age Requirement: Sponsors must be at least 18 years old.
  3. Residency: Sponsors must be living in Canada.
  4. Citizenship or Residency: Sponsors must be Canadian citizens, permanent residents, or individuals registered under the Canadian Indian Act.
  5. Financial Capacity: Sponsors must have sufficient funds to support the sponsored individuals.


Income Requirements:


Before applying, sponsors must determine the required income to support their parents and grandparents. This involves providing proof of income, and sponsors may choose to combine incomes with a spouse or common-law partner to meet the criteria.


Undertaking and Sponsorship Agreement:


Sponsors commit to a 20-year undertaking, providing financial support for sponsored family members from the time they become permanent residents. Sponsors are also responsible for repaying any provincial social assistance received by the sponsored family during this period. The sponsorship agreement outlines basic needs, including food, clothing, shelter, and healthcare.


Responsibilities During the Undertaking Period:


The sponsorship agreement establishes that sponsors will provide for the basic needs of their sponsored family members. Even in cases of marriage dissolution, separation, divorce, family disputes, unemployment, changes in finances, or the death of the principal applicant, sponsors must continue covering basic needs for the agreed-upon period.


Ineligibility to Sponsor:


Certain conditions render individuals ineligible to sponsor parents and grandparents, including:


  1. Lack of invitation to apply.
  2. Age below 18.
  3. Not residing in Canada during the parents’ and grandparents’ application process and permanent residency.
  4. Non-Canadian citizenship or permanent residency.
  5. Temporary residency status (e.g., visiting, studying, or working on a visa or permit).
  6. Ongoing processing of a permanent residence application.
  7. Inadequate proof of income.
  8. Legal issues, such as incarceration, unpaid immigration loans, court-ordered family support payments, bankruptcy, and convictions for certain criminal offences.


Understanding the eligibility criteria and responsibilities of sponsoring parents and grandparents is essential for a successful application process. Prospective sponsors should carefully assess their situation and adhere to the outlined requirements to bring their loved ones to Canada. Additionally, periodic reviews and adjustments to immigration policies will ensure an efficient and fair process for all parties involved.

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